Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Test Examination

Test Examination
Class XII
English 1st Paper
Marks: 100                                                                                                     Time: 3 Hours

Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:

Communicative competence refers to the ability to use language appropriately in different circumstances. There are two ways of developing communicative competence in a language. The first is acquisition which is similar to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue. It is a natural, subconscious process in which users are not usually aware of acquiring a language. They are aware only of the fact that they are using the language to communicate in non-technical terms, acquisition is ‘picking’ up a language spontaneously. It may also be called ‘implicit’ learning. On the other hand, the second way of developing communicative competence in a language is learning that language. It refers to conscious knowledge of a language, knowing the rules of language use, being aware of using them, and being able to talk about them. In non-technical terms, learning is to know consciously about a language. It may be described as ‘explicit’ learning. Language specialists believe that acquiring a language is more successful and longer lasting than learning. Therefore, teachers these days encourage learners of a second language to practise and experience the language in different situations where they are involved in communicating with others. And that is exactly what the tasks in this book are designed to do.

1. Choose the right word and complete each sentence: 5
(a) Communicative competence indicates/ defers/ discourages the ability to use language appropriately.
(b) Communicative competence can be developed/ mastered/ development in two ways.
(c) Language specialists believe that learning a language is not so successful as/ like/ than acquiring it.
(d) Acquisition likens/ clashes/ relates to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue.
(e) Learning is something natural/ explicit/ implicit.

2. True/ False? If false, give the correct information:                               5
(a) We are acquiring English.
(b) People learn a second language unconsciously.
(c) The passage shows the difference between acquisition and learning.
(d) Acquisition is easier than learning.
(e) Explicit learning is a subconscious process.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add prepositions if necessary:                                                                                                                         5
      (a)  The power of (use)  ¾ language properly means communicative competence .
(b)      Every person learns his or her mother tongue (natural) ¾
(c)       Learners of a second language are (encourage) ¾ their teachers.
(d)      Picking up means (spontaneously) .¾ learning of a language.
(e)        The (believe) ¾ the language specialists is right.

4.Make a list of five things about developing communicative competence in a second language.                                                                                                              5

Bird-watching has been a favourite pastime for many nature-lovers. People's interest in birds goes away back into the past when some birds were actually worshipped as messengers of the gods in ancient Egyptian as well as in other cultures. Bird-watching these days is done for the fun of finding out more about our feathered friends and contributing to our knowledge about them. In recent years, birds have become the barometers of ecological changes around us. Bird-watchers have made important contributions towards providing introduction about which birds have vanished from which areas or become extinct together, what factors are contributing towards their extinction or what factors are having bad effects on their habitation. Bird-watching requires a lot of perseverance and might cover days. months or years, rough summer or winter, heat or rain to observe the seasonal habits of birds. Real enthusiasts have ever gone to remote islands to observe birds. Bird-watching is quite well-known in the western world now and many travel agencies can also provide information on regions which are good for bird-watching.

5.         Fill in the gaps with suitable words.                                                                        1 ´ 5 = 5
(a)       Why were birds worshipped in ancient culture?
(b)       What do the real enthusiasts do?
(c)       Where is it popular?
(d)       Why is bird-watching done these day?
(e)       Why are birds important?

6.         Fill in the blanks with suitable words.                                                                     1 ´ 5 = 5
Birds are our best friend. They (a) _____ a vital role for (b) _____ ecological balance. At present, they have become (c) _____ of ecological changes around us. So we should not (d) _____ birds for our (e) _____ interest.

7.         Summaries the five activities of bird-watchers in five sentences.                       1 ´ 5 = 5

8.         Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the contributions of bird-watchers. (No. 1 has been done for you)         1 ´ 5 = 5

Provided information 
Part - B : Vocabulary (20 marks)
9.         Fill in the gaps with a suitable word from the box. (make any grammatical changes if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need.                           1 ´ 10 = 10
Though Bangladesh is a small country, it has three world Heritage sites. The (a) _____ Shatgombuj Mosque of Bagerhat (b) _____ one of them. It is situated in the (c) _____ of the city of Bagerhat. The mosque was (d) _____ during the 15th century. Khan Jahan Ali was the (e) _____ of it. He was a great (f) _____ leader. He did many works for the (g) _____ of his people. He made a big lake like tank (h) ____ for (i) _____ water. Today his mausoleum (j) _____ beside the tank.

10.       Fill in the gaps with an appropriate word.                                                               1 ´ 10 = 10
Many events of      (a)      importance took place during the last century. Significant advances were made in the       (b)    science and technology. Many European colonies     (a)       independence. The movement for democracy became     (a)      in many parts of the world. Two World Wars     (a)       out in this century. It also witnessed the misuse of atomic energy. Two cities of Japan were completely     (a)      as a result of the dropping atom bombs. The Vietnam War and the Gulf war killed     (a)       of innocent people. However, the emergence of Bangladesh as an     (a)       nation was a momentous event. After a bloody     (a)       of nine months, Bangladesh was born. Now we hold our heads     (a)      in the world.
Part - C :  Guided writing (20 marks)

11.       Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full.                                                                                                       10
(i) Many people living in city areas
hinders our industrial production
to minimise
the machines stop.
(ii) They waste water
our resources
of using
the wastage of our resources.
(iii) Load shedding
are not careful
natural gas
use it for day to day purposes.
(iv) People are not
should be taken
whenever they
very soon.
(v) If this wastage continues
by leaving the taps running
by making
and thus are wasting this resource.
(vi) So preventive measures
careful of utilizing
will run out
natural resources.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write the sentences in the proper order and in continuous paragraph to make a story:-

i)         They were subject to all sorts of indignities.
ii)        But oppressive rules could not break his spirit.
iii)       Nelson Mandela was the greatest leader of south Africa.
iv)        Eventually, the great leader realized the goal of liberation of his people.
v)         In fact, he was one of the greatest leaders of the world.
vi)        All his life he struggled against apartheid.
vii)      They were aliens in their own country.
viii)     It was government policy of racial segregation.
ix)       The black were treated cruelly.
x)         He was thrown behind the prison bars.
xi)       The great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice.
xii)      They were denied all basic human rights.
xiii)     The Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans.
xiv)      Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks.

13.       Write a paragraph in about 120 words based on the following questions. Your answers to the questions should given as much detail as possible.                                                     10

(a) What is 'Globalisation'? (b) How have we conquered distance and time? (c) How is the world getting smaller day by day? (d) How can we make our world a better place? (e) What are the adverse effects of globalisation?
- - 0 - -

1. (a) indicates (b) developed (c) as
(d) relates (e) explicit
2. (a) False, Correct answer: We are learning English. (b) False, Correct answer: People learn a second language consciously.
(c) True
(d) True
(e) False, Correct answer: Explicit learning is a conscious process.
3. (a) using (b) naturally (c) encouraged by
(d) spontaneous (e) belief of
4. A list of five things about developing
communicative competence in a second language:
(a) acquiring (b) learning
(c) using the language
(d) knowing the rules of the language
(e) experiencing a language through different situation.

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