Class X; Pretest 2012
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) FIRST PAPER
Part A: Reading Test (40 Marks)
Read the passage carefully and answer questions that follow.
Thousands of people in Bangladesh are suffering from arsenic poisonings and more are being affected everyday. Arsenicosis is caused by drinking tube-well water containing arsenic. People who drink uncontaminated water do not catch arsenicosis from affected people. The main recommendation for the people who are affected by arsenic is to drink water from a source that contains no arsenic.
The effects of arsenicosis are less severe among people who eat a healthy, balanced diet, ideally containing fish and vegetables. This is an initial treatment for arsenicosis and may be part of the reason why the number of arsenicosis patients in Bangladesh is still relatively low. It is believed that vitamins A, C and E are effective for treatment of arsenicosis.
Poisoning by arsenic is a slow process: it is due to a gradual build-up of the poison in the human body. Eventually people start to show symptoms and become unwell. Deaths due to long-term poisoning make it
even more important to address the problem as soon as possible. This is in effect a race against time to safe water for everyone. Many people currently drinking arsenic-contaminated groundwater may develop problems soon. They must attempt to find safe source of water.
The majority of the tube-wells in Bangladesh are free from arsenic, but they need to be tested to separate the safe from the unsafe and, in many areas, this has not yet been done. Tube-wells, which have been tested for arsenic, should be painted green if they are safe or red if they are unsafe. Deep tube-wells are free from arsenic and bacteria although they will need testing in the future to ensure that it is still the case. Surface water in ponds and rivers is a potential source of arsenic-free water. However, most surface water in Bangladesh is heavily polluted with dangerous bacteria. No surface water should be used without some form of treatment.
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives given after each question. 1x5=5
(a) Arsenic is one kind of --------.
(i) disease (ii) pesticide (iii) acid (iv) poison
(b) It is not -------- to mix with the people affected by arsenic.
(i) safe (ii) wise (iii) harmful (iv) reasonable
(c) A balanced diet is the -------- treatment of arsenicosis.
(i) last (ii) possible (iii) final (iv) primary
(d) Poisoning by arsenic is a -------- process.
(i) dilatory (ii) fast (iii) hasty (iv) speedy
(e) Tube-wells free from arsenic can be -------- by green signs.
(i) witnessed (ii) identified (iii) evaluated (iv) experienced
2. Write whether the following statements are true or false. If false, give the correct answer. 1x5=5
a) Arsenicosis is a contagious disease.
b) Deep tube-wells bear no germs.
c) Surface water in ponds and rivers is not free from arsenic.
d) The number of arsenic affected people is on the rise.
e) Arsenicosis does not cause instant death.
3. Fill in each gap in the following passage with a suitable word taking from the box below. There are more words than necessary. 0.5x10=10
lies eat containing harm affecting contains
affected have suffering has uncontaminated lays
Arsenicosis is the root cause of (a)------- to many people in Bangladesh and as a result, it is (b)------- a large number of people in our country. The reason behind it (c)------- in drinking tube-well water which (d)------- arsenic. People drinking (e)------- water do not catch arsenicosis. The main recommendation
for arsenic (f)------- people is to drink water from a source that does not (g)------- any arsenic. The effects of arsenicosis cannot cause much (h)------- to the people who (i)------- a healthy balanced diet (j)- ------ all the food value.
4. Read the passage in ‘A’ again. Now, write a paragraph based on the information about the arsenic problem in Bangladesh. Use the clues in the box below. Write the information in the correct sequence as it appears in the text. The paragraph should not exceed 70 words. 5
poison tube-well affected slow diet treatment uncontaminated
5. Answer the following questions in your own words. 1x5=5
a) What is arsenicosis?
b) How is arsenicosis caused?
c) What is the initial treatment for arsenicosis?
d) What should the arsenic affected people do?
e) How can arsenicosis be prevented?
6. Fill in each gap with a suitable word of your own, based on the information from the text in ‘A’. 0.5x10=5
Arsenicosis is one of the major problems (a)------- Bangladesh is facing like many other (b)-------, arsenicosis can also be (c)-------. It is said that (d)------- is better than cure. So people must drink water (e)------- from arsenic to prevent this disease. Besides, from an observation it has been (f)------- (g)------- in food value are not (h)------- arsenicosis. So the number of patients (i)-------- from arsenic poisoning is comparatively (j)--------.
7. Read the passage in ‘A’ again. Suppose, most of the tube-wells in your locality are affected by arsenic. Now, write a paragraph in about 70 --- 80 words stating how you can improve the situation. 5
8. Read the passage in ‘A’ again. Now, write the main ideas of the text in your own words in not more than five sentences. 5
Part B: Vocabulary Test (20 Marks)
9. Fill in each gap with a suitable word from the box. There are more words than
necessary. 1 × 10 = 10
win deprive free obstacle struggle tolerate
sacrifice undoubtedly in chains exploit rule foreign
Man is born to be (a) ------------. He does not want to be (b) ------------. If he is in chains, he begins to (c) ------------ to make him free from (d) ------------. Similarly, if a nation is (e) ------------ by foreign domination and is (f) ------------ of the rights, it begins to struggle. And it wants to be free from that rule (g) ------------. Even it does not feel hesitated to (h) ------------ its life. It can be exemplified here that once Bengali nation was (i) ------------ by Pakistani nation. But Bengali nation could not tolerate it and struggled against Pakistani nation and (j) ------------ victory.
10. Complete the following passage, using suitable words. Use only one word for each gap. 10
A village market usually (a) ------------ by the side of a river or by a big canal. The villagers (b) ------------ here to (c) ------------ and (d) ------------ goods. It (e) ------------ once or twice a week. A small one sits in the afternoon and (f) ------------ up at evening. A big one sits in the morning and breaks up at night. The (g) ------------ sit in rows. There is one space before their shops for the (h) ------------. Everyone is busy in (i) ------------ and (j) ------------.
Part−C : Writing Test (40 Marks)
11. Read the following table and make ten sentences. 1 × 10 = 10
not descend upon a people
a fruit that must be earned before it can be enjoyed
not only merely the govt.
any real value for the common men/women unless it also
means for want, diseases and free from ignorance.
take our rightful place in the world.
utilise all of our resources.
utilise all of our resources.
raise themselves for it.
only freedom from foreign domination is an out-worn idea.
the main task which confronts us.
to go forward.
12. Rearrange the following sentences according to sequence and rewrite them in a paragraph. 10
(a) The sum total of these qualities makes character.
(b) It is more valuable than all the wealth on earth.
(c) It creates faith and commands respect.
(d) Character is the crown and glory of life.
(e) A man of character is respected by all.
(f) These are some noble qualities which make a man a good and gentle one.
(g) We want that a man should be kind, honest and dutiful.
(h) We also want that he should be selfless, sincere and disciplined.
(i) It is the source of all power and honour.
(j) Character is the noblest possession of a man.
13. Early rising is good for health. Now read the questions below and write a paragraph in about 100 words by answering them. 10
(i) What is early rising?
(ii) How does it help us?
(iii) What does one enjoy in the morning?
(iv) What is quite beneficial for health?
(v) Who gets enough time to work?
14. Suppose, you have got a pen-friend in Singapore. He/She is very much interested to know about Bangladesh. Now write to him/her about your country. Use the following clues : 10
--- how it differs from others --- area and population --- its beauty --- world's largest sea beach ---world heritage --- rivers --- poets --- darling child of nature
Or, Write a composition in not more than 200 words about 'The Educational Value of Travelling'.
9. Cloze passage with clues : (a) free, (b) in chains, (c) struggle, (d) obstacle, (e) ruled, (f) deprived, (g)
undoubtedly, (h) sacrifice, (i) exploited, (j) won.
10. Cloze passage without clues : (a) stands, (b) come, (c) sell, (d) buy, (e) sits, (f) breaks, (g) sellers, (h)
buyers, (i) buying, (j) selling.
11. Substitution table
(a) Liberty does not descend upon a people.
(b) A people must raise themselves for it.
(c) That freedom means only freedom from foreign domination is an out-worn idea.
(d) It is not merely the government.
(e) That should be free but people themselves should be free.
(f) No freedom has any real value for the common men/women unless it also means for want, disease
and free from ignorance.
(g) This is the main task which confronts us.
(h) We are to take our rightful place in the world.
(i) So, we want to go forward.
(j) We should utilise all of our resources.
12. Rearranging : Character is the crown and glory of life. It is the source of all power and honour. It creates
faith and commands respect. A man of character is respected by all. These are some noble qualities which
make a man a good and gentle one. Character is the noblest possession of a man. It is more valuable than
all the wealth on earth. We want that a man should be kind, honest and dutiful. We also want that he
should be selfless, sincere and disciplined. The sum total of these qualities makes character.