Wednesday, 20 March 2013

Grammar: For class VII

Tick on the right answer.

1.      I saw                       one-eyed man on the road.
      a.  A   b.  The  c. An  d.  No article

2.      They started running in the field. The underlined word is                   .
      a.  Infinitive   b.  Gerund   c.  Participle   d.  Transitive verb

3.      He is running fast. The underlined word is   
Adjective  b.  Adverb  c.  Noun  d.  Conjunction 

4.      Who broke the chair ? The underlined word is :
a. Relative adjective  b.  Relative pronoun  c. Conjunction 
d. Preposition.

5.      I knew him. The passive voice of the sentences is ?
a.  He is known by me      b.  He is known to me
c. He was known by me  d.  He was known to me.

6.      I am searching the book. The underlined word can be replaced by the p hrase.
a.  looking at   b.  looking into  c.  looking after   d.  looking for

7.      Post the letter .... ?  The correct tag question is
a.will you?  b.  won't you?  c.  do you?  d.  don't you

8.      You did very                       in the examination ?
a.  good   b.  well    c.  hard   d.  hardly

9.      The story seems to be fictitious. I can           believe it.
a.  good   b.  well    c.  hard   d.  hardly

10.  When Eva passed the examination ?
a.  She is very happy   b.  She has been very happy
c. She becomes happy.  d.  She became happy

11.   I                 driving test on Wednesday.
have passed  b.  passed  c.  was passing  d.  have been passing

12.  If you boil water ............
a.  it will vaporise    b.  it vaporise        c.  it vaporises    d.  it has vaporized

13.  She                         to attend a wedding.
a. goes  b.  is going  c. will go   d. are going

14.  Tell me why                       
a.  did you go there ?        b.  you went there. c.
have you gone there?  d.  do you go there?

15.  Which one of the following sentence is correct?
a.  I have received your letter yesterday. 
b.  I received your letter yesterday
c.  I had received your letter yesterday.
d.  I was received your letter yesterday.

16.  Which one of the following expressions is correct?
a.  Yours faithful                 b.Yours faithfuly
           Rahim                                  Rahim
c.  Yours faithfully   d.  Yours’ faithfully
          Rahim                             Rahim

17.  Sattar is twelve years old. Ratul is ten years old.
a.Sattar is senior to Ratul than of two years.
b.  Sattar is senior to Ratul than two years.
c.  Sattar is senior to Ratul by two years.       
d.  Sattar is senior than Ratul two years.

Spelling Bee
Voice Change

Tuesday, 12 February 2013

Present Indefininte Tense

ইংরেজী শেখা এত সোজা

1st lesson

Present indefinite tense এ সাধারণভাবে কোন কাজ হওয়া বা করা, অভ্যাস বা চিরন্তন অর্থে ব্যবহৃত হয় ।

আমি বই পড়ি-
তাঁহারা স্কুলে যায়-
সে বল খেলে-
আমি একজন ছাত্র-
আমার একটি সাইকেল আছে-

ইংরেজিতে বাক্য গঠনঃ Subject+ Verb এর Present form শুধুমাত্র Subject যদি third person এবং singular number হয়, তাহলে verb এর পর s বা es বসে।

তাহলে এবার উপরের বাক্যগুলোর ইংরেজি করিঃ

আমি বই পড়ি-I read a book.

তাঁহারা স্কুলে যায়-They go to school.
সে বল খেলে-He plays football. ( লক্ষ্য কর subject হচ্ছে third person এবং singular number, তাই verb এর পর s বসেছে।

আমি একজন ছাত্র-I am a student.
আমার একটি সাইকেল আছে-I have a bicycle.

উপরের ইংরেজি বাক্যগুলো ভাল করে লক্ষ্য করলে দেখবো, বাক্যগুলোতে তিন ধরণের verbs আছেঃ

১মঃ সাধারন verb যেমনঃ read, go, play-
২য়ঃ To Be verb যেমনঃ am, is are
৩য়ঃ To Have verb যেমনঃ have, has

To be verb এবং to have verb এখানে main verb হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয়েছে।

১ম ধরণের বাক্য২য় ধরণের বাক্য৩য় ধরণের বাক্য
I sleep at noon.
Rahim likes green colour.
They visit different places.
You rise very early.
We earn money.
Zahid works in a famous garments factory.
He is an actor.
I am a teacher.
Zahid is an IT expert.
You are intelligent.
They are hard working.
I am happy.
She is very active.
I have a computer.
They have many books.
He has no umbrella.
We have important business.
He has much money.

Spelling Bee
Voice Change

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Test Examination

 Test Examination
Class XII
English 2nd Paper
Marks: 100                                                                                                     Time: 3 Hours

Part-A: Grammar; Marks 40

1. Complete the passage with suitable verbs from the list and put them in correct tense. Use negatives where necessary.

Last month we visited the Shishu Park ___(a)_ in Joypurhat. We spent three hours ___(b)_ birds, deer, plants and statues. We made a lot of fun too. The weather was cool, and we enjoyed the soothing breeze ___(c)_. We could have enjoyed more if you ___(d)_ present with us. However, we decided we ___(e)_ that place again.

2. Read the following passage and fill in the blanks with suitable preposition. 1X5=5

Dear Rahman,
Hope you are fine. Today I shall write you about corruption of our country. You know it is a great obstacle ___(a)_ the development of our country. So, we must get rid ___(b)_ this problem. We must find a remedy ___(c)_ it. Those who are involved in corruption are void ___(d)_ patriotic feelings, but we should not yield ___(e)_ their evil practice.
3. Use article where necessary. Put a cross mark where and article is not needed.

Then ___(a)_ terrible thing happened. While we were waiting for ___(b)_ coffee, ___(c)_ head waiter, with __(d)_ ingratiating smile on his false face, came up to us bearing __(e)_ large basket full of huge pieces. They had __(f)_ blush of __(g)_ innocent girl; they had __(h)_ rich tone of Italian __(i)_ landscape.

4. Make meaningful sentences with the following phrases/idioms (any five): 1X5=5

At stake, play truant, big guns, eat humble pie, put up with, tell upon, black and blue

5. Rewrite the following in the reported speech.                                                             5

“Why are your children crying, my daughter?”  said the Caliph. “They have been starving.” said the woman.
.“Have you none else in the world?”
 “My husband died some months ago. He left them neither any money nor any property. So they are in great distress. They have to starve whenever I fail to get anything for them to eat.”

6.  Read the following passage and transform the underlined sentence as directed. 1X5=5

(a) Nobody liked him because of his snobbish nature. (Compound) (b) His snobbery annoyed all. (Passive) (c) People laughed at him at the back. (Interrogative) (d) He wanted to command respect from others but failed. (Complex) (e) He felt miserable when he saw nobody around him at the time of crisis. (Simple)

7. Fill in the gaps with tag questions.                                                                              05

a.         Anyone is allowed to come, -------?
b.         Every mother loves her child,----------?
c.         Karim needs a pen,----------?
d.         Fire burns,------------?
e.         The bird sings sweetly,---------?

8. Complete the following sentence.                                                                              05

a.         Hurry up lest ---------------------------.
b.         He came to me while -----------------------------------.
c.         I wonder how -------------------------------.
d.         It is high time----------------------------.
e.         If you went there-------------------------------.

Part-B: Composition; Marks 60

9.         You are a reporter of The  Daily Star. Suppose a garment factory caught on fire killing more than 120 people. Now write a report on it.                  10

10.       Write a short composition on “Uses of Computer and Digital Bangladesh”. 15

11.       Write an application to the Chairman to repair a damaged bridge.                      10

12. Write a dialogue between you and your friend about a study tour.                10

13. Complete the following story. Give a title to it.                                                         15
The girl was determined to carry on her study in spite of the hurdles she was facing. The environment for girls’ education ---------------------------------------------------

Test Examination

Test Examination
Class XII
English 1st Paper
Marks: 100                                                                                                     Time: 3 Hours

Read the following passage and answer the questions 1-4:

Communicative competence refers to the ability to use language appropriately in different circumstances. There are two ways of developing communicative competence in a language. The first is acquisition which is similar to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue. It is a natural, subconscious process in which users are not usually aware of acquiring a language. They are aware only of the fact that they are using the language to communicate in non-technical terms, acquisition is ‘picking’ up a language spontaneously. It may also be called ‘implicit’ learning. On the other hand, the second way of developing communicative competence in a language is learning that language. It refers to conscious knowledge of a language, knowing the rules of language use, being aware of using them, and being able to talk about them. In non-technical terms, learning is to know consciously about a language. It may be described as ‘explicit’ learning. Language specialists believe that acquiring a language is more successful and longer lasting than learning. Therefore, teachers these days encourage learners of a second language to practise and experience the language in different situations where they are involved in communicating with others. And that is exactly what the tasks in this book are designed to do.

1. Choose the right word and complete each sentence: 5
(a) Communicative competence indicates/ defers/ discourages the ability to use language appropriately.
(b) Communicative competence can be developed/ mastered/ development in two ways.
(c) Language specialists believe that learning a language is not so successful as/ like/ than acquiring it.
(d) Acquisition likens/ clashes/ relates to the way people develop ability in their mother tongue.
(e) Learning is something natural/ explicit/ implicit.

2. True/ False? If false, give the correct information:                               5
(a) We are acquiring English.
(b) People learn a second language unconsciously.
(c) The passage shows the difference between acquisition and learning.
(d) Acquisition is easier than learning.
(e) Explicit learning is a subconscious process.

3. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. Add prepositions if necessary:                                                                                                                         5
      (a)  The power of (use)  ¾ language properly means communicative competence .
(b)      Every person learns his or her mother tongue (natural) ¾
(c)       Learners of a second language are (encourage) ¾ their teachers.
(d)      Picking up means (spontaneously) .¾ learning of a language.
(e)        The (believe) ¾ the language specialists is right.

4.Make a list of five things about developing communicative competence in a second language.                                                                                                              5

Bird-watching has been a favourite pastime for many nature-lovers. People's interest in birds goes away back into the past when some birds were actually worshipped as messengers of the gods in ancient Egyptian as well as in other cultures. Bird-watching these days is done for the fun of finding out more about our feathered friends and contributing to our knowledge about them. In recent years, birds have become the barometers of ecological changes around us. Bird-watchers have made important contributions towards providing introduction about which birds have vanished from which areas or become extinct together, what factors are contributing towards their extinction or what factors are having bad effects on their habitation. Bird-watching requires a lot of perseverance and might cover days. months or years, rough summer or winter, heat or rain to observe the seasonal habits of birds. Real enthusiasts have ever gone to remote islands to observe birds. Bird-watching is quite well-known in the western world now and many travel agencies can also provide information on regions which are good for bird-watching.

5.         Fill in the gaps with suitable words.                                                                        1 ´ 5 = 5
(a)       Why were birds worshipped in ancient culture?
(b)       What do the real enthusiasts do?
(c)       Where is it popular?
(d)       Why is bird-watching done these day?
(e)       Why are birds important?

6.         Fill in the blanks with suitable words.                                                                     1 ´ 5 = 5
Birds are our best friend. They (a) _____ a vital role for (b) _____ ecological balance. At present, they have become (c) _____ of ecological changes around us. So we should not (d) _____ birds for our (e) _____ interest.

7.         Summaries the five activities of bird-watchers in five sentences.                       1 ´ 5 = 5

8.         Based on your reading of the passage, make short notes in each of the boxes in the flow chart showing the contributions of bird-watchers. (No. 1 has been done for you)         1 ´ 5 = 5

Provided information 
Part - B : Vocabulary (20 marks)
9.         Fill in the gaps with a suitable word from the box. (make any grammatical changes if necessary). There are more words in the box than you need.                           1 ´ 10 = 10
Though Bangladesh is a small country, it has three world Heritage sites. The (a) _____ Shatgombuj Mosque of Bagerhat (b) _____ one of them. It is situated in the (c) _____ of the city of Bagerhat. The mosque was (d) _____ during the 15th century. Khan Jahan Ali was the (e) _____ of it. He was a great (f) _____ leader. He did many works for the (g) _____ of his people. He made a big lake like tank (h) ____ for (i) _____ water. Today his mausoleum (j) _____ beside the tank.

10.       Fill in the gaps with an appropriate word.                                                               1 ´ 10 = 10
Many events of      (a)      importance took place during the last century. Significant advances were made in the       (b)    science and technology. Many European colonies     (a)       independence. The movement for democracy became     (a)      in many parts of the world. Two World Wars     (a)       out in this century. It also witnessed the misuse of atomic energy. Two cities of Japan were completely     (a)      as a result of the dropping atom bombs. The Vietnam War and the Gulf war killed     (a)       of innocent people. However, the emergence of Bangladesh as an     (a)       nation was a momentous event. After a bloody     (a)       of nine months, Bangladesh was born. Now we hold our heads     (a)      in the world.
Part - C :  Guided writing (20 marks)

11.       Match the phrases in the following substitution table to make sensible sentences. Write out the sentences in full.                                                                                                       10
(i) Many people living in city areas
hinders our industrial production
to minimise
the machines stop.
(ii) They waste water
our resources
of using
the wastage of our resources.
(iii) Load shedding
are not careful
natural gas
use it for day to day purposes.
(iv) People are not
should be taken
whenever they
very soon.
(v) If this wastage continues
by leaving the taps running
by making
and thus are wasting this resource.
(vi) So preventive measures
careful of utilizing
will run out
natural resources.

12. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Re-write the sentences in the proper order and in continuous paragraph to make a story:-

i)         They were subject to all sorts of indignities.
ii)        But oppressive rules could not break his spirit.
iii)       Nelson Mandela was the greatest leader of south Africa.
iv)        Eventually, the great leader realized the goal of liberation of his people.
v)         In fact, he was one of the greatest leaders of the world.
vi)        All his life he struggled against apartheid.
vii)      They were aliens in their own country.
viii)     It was government policy of racial segregation.
ix)       The black were treated cruelly.
x)         He was thrown behind the prison bars.
xi)       The great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice.
xii)      They were denied all basic human rights.
xiii)     The Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans.
xiv)      Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks.

13.       Write a paragraph in about 120 words based on the following questions. Your answers to the questions should given as much detail as possible.                                                     10

(a) What is 'Globalisation'? (b) How have we conquered distance and time? (c) How is the world getting smaller day by day? (d) How can we make our world a better place? (e) What are the adverse effects of globalisation?
- - 0 - -

1. (a) indicates (b) developed (c) as
(d) relates (e) explicit
2. (a) False, Correct answer: We are learning English. (b) False, Correct answer: People learn a second language consciously.
(c) True
(d) True
(e) False, Correct answer: Explicit learning is a conscious process.
3. (a) using (b) naturally (c) encouraged by
(d) spontaneous (e) belief of
4. A list of five things about developing
communicative competence in a second language:
(a) acquiring (b) learning
(c) using the language
(d) knowing the rules of the language
(e) experiencing a language through different situation.