Tuesday, 22 August 2017





Pre-test Examination
Class XII
English 1st Paper
Time- 3 Hours
Marks- 100
Part-1: Reading (60 Marks)
1. Read the passage below and answer the questions A and B.

Dreams have fascinated philosophers for thousands of years. But only recently have dreams been
subjected to empirical research and scientific study. Chances are that you've often found yourself puzzling over the content of a dream, or perhaps you’ve wondered why you dream at all.

First, let’s start by answering a basic question: What is a dream? A dream can include any of the images, thoughts and emotions that are experienced during sleep. Dreams can be extraordinarily vivid or very vague: filled with joyful emotions or frightening images, focused and understandable or unclear and confusing.
Why do we dream? What purpose do dreams serve? While many theories have been proposed, no consensus has emerged. Considering the time we spend in a dreaming state, the fact that researchers do not yet understand the purpose of dreams may seem baffling. However, it is important to consider that science is still unraveling the exact purpose and function of sleep itself. Some researchers suggest that dreams serve no real purpose, while others believe that dreaming is essential to mental emotional and physical well-being.
Next, let's learn more about some of the most prominent dream theories.
Consistent with the psychoanalytic perspective, Sigmund Freud's theory of dreams suggests that dreams are a representation of unconscious desires. thoughts and motivations. According to Freud, people are driven by aggressive and sexual instincts that are repressed from conscious awareness.

While these thoughts are not consciously expressed, they find their way into our awareness via
dreams. In his famous book, The Interpretations of Dreams, Freud wrote that dreams are “... disguised fulfillments of repressed wishes.'

Freud's theory contributed to the popularity of dream interpretation. Following his paths many theorists came up with their own ideas about dreams. The following are just a few of them:
·         Some researchers suggest that dreams are a subjective interpretation of signals generated by the brain during sleep. Dreams are not meaningless. Instead, during dreams the cognitive elements in our brain produce new ideas.
·          One theory suggests that dreams are the result of our brains trying to interpret external stimuli during sleep. For example, the sound of the radio may be incorporate into the content of a dream.
·          Another theory uses a computer metaphor to account for dreams. According to this theory dreams serve to clean up clutter from the mind, much like clean up operations in a computer  refreshing the mind to prepare for the next day.
·         Yet another model proposes that reams function as a form of psychotherapy. In this theory, the dreamer is able to make connections between different thoughts and emotions in a safe.
A. Choose the right word to complete each sentence.                            .5X10=5
i.   The word ‘fascinate’ means ----.
a. charm           b. attract          c. spellbound   d. evoke
ii.  The word ‘Consensus’ refers to---------.
c. be united     b. come to an agreement         c. follow-up action      d. process of decision making.
iii. The word basic means _____.
a. fundamental            b. simple          c. necessary     d. essential
iv. ‘State’ is here close to -----------.
a. situation            b. country        c. place            d. time
v.  The word  ‘puzzle’ refers to _____.
a. understand  b. crossword    c. perplex         d. riddle
vi. ‘Interpret’ means --------.
a. to provide solution  b. to explain    c. to analyze version    d. to write down
vii. Instinct is close to --------.
a. mind                        b. essence        c. full   d. impulse
viii. Meaning of ‘cognitive’ is --------.
a. knowledgeable        b. theory          c. base                         d. activity
ix. The word ‘emerge’ means -------
a. come out      b. spring          c. issue             d. arise
x. ‘Sleep’ means---------.
a. stay calm     b. taking a bit rest       c. be physically inactive                      d. all of the above
B.              Answer the following questions.                                2X5=10
a.   What is a dream?
b.  Why do we always find ourselves puzzled about dream?
c.   Why is dream essential?
d. Basically, when do we experience dream?
e. Why are dreams now subject to study?
2.  Read the following text and make a flow chart showing how the schools for children should be.                                                                                                        10
Children’s right to education also implies that the school they go to will have a pleasant and learning-friendly environment where eve one will have an enjoyable time. Teachers will be kind, caring and supportive and children will feel relaxed. No harsh words will be spoken to them and special care will be taken of children with learning disabilities.
That, unfortunately is not the general picture in our schools. The system of education in our part of the world does not allow children much freedom, and classrooms look more like cages where they are pent up for hours. Rabindranath Tagore found it unacceptable so did William Blake (1707-1807), an English poet and painter, whose favourite subjects included children. In his poem The School Boy Blake writes about a young boy who is unhappy with his school where dour-faced teachers give joyless lessons. He would rather like to be outdoors and enjoy the summer day. He pleads his parents to rescue him from the drudgery of school.
Should have a friendly and pleasant environment
3
5
6
4
2
 


3.  Write a summary of the following text.                                                  10
The most significant event for Bangladesh in the last century has been its birth as an independent nation. Prior to that, it experienced British colonial rule until 1947, followed by an oppressive existence as East Pakistan from 1947 -1971.

The life of our people has often been shaped by tragedy. Floods have devastated our land and tidal waves from the sea have swept away thousands o lives. Poverty has been an ever- present spectra. As a result, nearly seventy percent of the population suffer from various degrees of malnutrition. Rapid population growth has added to this problem. Although the growth rate has slowed down to some extent, the population has almost doubled since independence. On the other hand, turbulent politics and instability, and the rise of terrorism and crime are adversely affecting society.

Despite these negative aspects, the last twenty five years will remain memorable for certain events. The 21st of February 1952 immediately comes to mind. Only recently , our language day has been declared the international Mother Language Day by UNESCO, 16 December 19 71 is another day our nation will cherish forever the day when we became citizens of a free state following our victory over the occupation forces of Pakistan. In addition, in the field of literature, art and culture we have produced great poets, novelists and artists. For instance, Bangladesh is proud of the great poet Kazi Nazrul lslam who raised his fiery voice against injustice and oppression.
4. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. Make grammatical change if necessary. .5X10=05
contrast
shape
Trumpet-shaped
secure
Depend
genus
include
jonquils
Star-shaped
trumpet
Bloom
occur

Daffodils, the flowers symbolizing friendship, are some of the most popular flowers exclusively due to their unmatched beauty. Daffodils belong to the (a) ______ Narcissus. Daffodils have a (b) ______ structure set against a (c) ______ background . The background of (d) ___ is often a very (e) _____ colour. The name daffodils (f) _____ the cluster flowered yellow (g) ____ and the white Narcissi (h) ___ the more common trumpet (i) _____ flowers. Daffodils are constantly (j) _____ flower with at least 50 species and many hybrids.
5.         Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 1X10=10
 Migration refers to the movement of persons who change his/heir place of residence for a period or six months or more except for marriage in which case the time period for the migration is not fixed. Migration that takes place within the (a) -----is referred to as internal migration. (b) ---is an important component which influences (c) -----and redistribution of population and resources (d)---------the socio-economic development and the planning (e) ----. The analysis of data on migration (f) ----- a vital role. Migration occurs in (g) --------ways. In the scenario of permanent (h) -----,the migrant leaves the place of (i) ----forever and stay at the place (j) -------destination.
6.         The following sentences are jumbled. Rearrange them in a proper sequence.   1X10=10
(i)His first big success came in the 2008–09 season, during which he helped Barcelona achieve the first treble in Spanish football.
 (ii)The only player in history to win five FIFA Ballons d'Or, he was also the first player to win three European Golden Shoes.
(iii)He retired in 2016 following Argentina's loss to Chile in the Copa América Centenario final.
(iv)During his playing career he shattered many world records and currently holds the records for most goals scored in La Liga, a La Liga season (50), a calendar year (91), a single season (73), and a Champions League match (5), among several others.
(v)Lionel Messi is an Argentine former professional footballer counted amongst the best players in the world in football history. 
(vi)Born into a football-loving family in central Argentina, he developed a passion for the sport at an early age and spent his childhood playing football with his brothers.
(vii)He joined the youth team of Newell’s Old Boys as a young boy and began playing for FC Barcelona’s under-14 team when he was 13.
(viii) Over the ensuing years he proceeded to establish himself as Barcelona's all-time top scorer in official competitions.
(ix)Having made his competitive debut as a 17 year old, Messi quickly established himself as an integral player for the Barcelona club.

(x) He is also Argentina's all-time leading goal scorer with 55 goals in 112 matches.

Part-II: Writing [40 Marks)
 7.        Write Paragraph in about 200 words on  ' Gender discrimination' answering the following questions:                                                                                                                                10
•           What is gender discrimination?
•           Who are the worst sufferers?
•           What are the reasons of degrading women’s position?
•           How is the birth of a female child received and why?
•           How can this problem be solved?

8.  Complete the following story. Give a title to it.                                                        7
I heard a noise outside my house. I went out and saw a crowd. ---------------.

9. Suppose, you have bought a new Television set from the Walton company Limited, Bangladesh. It does not work properly. Now, email the Manager of the company complaining about it. 05

10. The box below contains some jumbled information about an NGO. Use the information to write a passage. 10
Trained teachers
Neglected children
About 2000 students
Street urchin
General education 1972
Programme
UNICEF training up to

UNICEF
Servants
Since
3 shifts
Since 1972
Hawkers
Technical training programme
Hotel boys
Employment programme
Class vii

11. Write down the theme of the following poem ( Not more than 50 words) 8
If you fail to see the person
But only the disability
Then, who is blind?
If you cannot hear
Your brother’s
Cry for justice,
Who is deaf?
If you do not communicate with
Your sister
But separate her from you,
Who is disabled?
If your heart and your mind
Do not reach out to
Your neighbour,
Who has the mental handicap?















Answer:
1.
a.       charm
b.      to come to an agreement
c.       fundamental
d.      situation
e.       perplex
f.       to explain
g.      impulse
h.      knowledge
i.        come out
j.        be physically inactive














4.
a. genus
b. trumpet-shaped
c. star-shapped
d. trumpet
e. contrasting
f. includes
g. jonquils
h. includingly
i. shaped
j. recurring












5.
a. country
b. migration
c. growth
d. for
e. process
f. plays
g. different
h. migration
i. birth
j. of


Lionel Messi is an Argentine former professional footballer counted amongst the best players in the world in football history.
The only player in history to win five FIFA Ballons d'Or, he was also the first player to win three European Golden Shoes.
 During his playing career he shattered many world records and currently holds the records for most goals scored in La Liga, a La Liga season (50), a calendar year (91), a single season (73), and a Champions League match (5), among several others.
 Born into a football-loving family in central Argentina, he developed a passion for the sport at an early age and spent his childhood playing football with his brothers.
He joined the youth team of Newell’s Old Boys as a young boy and began playing for FC Barcelona’s under-14 team when he was 13.
Having made his competitive debut as a 17 year old, Messi quickly established himself as an integral player for the Barcelona club.
 His first big success came in the 2008–09 season, during which he helped Barcelona achieve the first treble in Spanish football.
Over the ensuing years he proceeded to establish himself as Barcelona's all-time top scorer in official competitions and
 He also Argentina's all-time leading goalscorer with 55 goals in 112 matches.
 He retired in 2016 following Argentina's loss to Chile in the Copa América Centenario final.