Thursday, 27 September 2012

Grammar Questions

1. Which one of the following is the example of interrogative pronoun?
A. Which book do you like?
B. Who went there?
C. How are you?
2. Which one of the following is the example of relative pronoun?
A. Why did he go there?
B. Who is walking there?
C. I know the boy who wrote the letter.
3. Which sentence contains a gerund?
A. Going there, I saw my friend.
B. I do not know why he started dancing.
C. I saw a flying bird.

Thursday, 13 September 2012

Suggestion for SSC Examinees 2013

Suggestion is given only for practice. In communicative method students should develop free-hand writing.
 Step - 1
 Paragraph:
1.                  Early Rising
2.                  Load Shedding
3.                  A Book Fair
4.                  A Street Hawker
5.                  A School Magazine
6.                  Traffic Jam
7.                  Tree Plantation
 Composition:
      1.                  Science In Every Day Life
2.                  The Season You Like Most
3.                   The Uses Of Computer On Bangladesh
4.                  Your Childhood Memories
5.                  Physical Exercise
6.                  The Teacher I Like Most
7.                  Your Visit To A Historical Place
 Application:
      1.                  Application for a debating club/English language club/computer lab/common room/enhancing library facilities.
2.                  Application for study tour.
3.                  ----------------------Testimonial
4.                  Application to chairman for repairing damaged road.
5.                  ------------------------------ for sinking tube well.
6.                  Application to deputy commissioner for relief goods to the flood victim of your locality.

Sunday, 9 September 2012

Adjective Clause, Adverb Clause, Noun Clause




What is Clause?
A clause is a group of words having subject and predicate like a sentence but it is not a sentence; it is a part of a sentence
Example of Clause
*      I haven’t read what you wrote on the paper.
How many kinds clauses are?
*      Adjective Clause
*      Adverb Clause
*      Noun Clause
Adjective Clause
*      The clause that modifies a noun is called adjective clause.
*      The boy who has become champion in the essay competition will be awarded by the chairman.
*      I know the man who has designed the sculpture.
*      God helps those who help themselves.
Adjective clause introducer
*      Who
*      Which
*      That
*      When
*      Where
*      Whom
*      Whose
Adjective clause introducer as possessives
*      I have a friend whose father is an architect.
*      The boy whose brother is a football player always speak high of our team.
*      The student whose fourth subject was biology can apply for the scholarship.
*      The girl whose score was A+ was selected for higher study.

Adjective clause introducer as object
*      I have lost the pen that I bought last week.
When Adjective Clause introducer
is object, it is omitted.
*      The man I talked to was a singer.
*      The book I am reading is very interesting.
*      Have you found the bag you were searching?
*      Where is the book I gave you yesterday?
*      Do you know the answer of the question I asked you?
Adverb Clause
*      The clause that modifies a verb is called Adverb Clause.
*      Adverb clause tells about how, when, where the action of verb takes place.
Kinds of Adverb Clause
*      Adverb Clause of time
*      Adverb Clause of place
*      Adverb clause of reason
*      Adverb clause of result
*      Adverb clause of purpose
*      Adverb Clause of condition
*      Adverb Clause of Concession


Adverb Clause of time
*      Adverb Clause of time introducer:
*      When, Till, Until, Before, After, As soon as, no sooner than etc.
*      When he came, I was reading a book.
*      Wait till I come.
*      The man joined the office after he had completed M.A.
*      He had reminded him many times before he punished him
Adverb Clause of place
*      I am going where he lives.
Adverb clause of reason
*      Adverb Clause of reason introducer:
*      As, Since, For
Adverb clause of result
*      Adverb Clause of result  introducer:
*      So -------- that

*      I am so weak that I can not walk.
*      He is so rich that he can buy a flat any time.
*      We are so tired that we need rest.
Adverb clause of purpose
*      Adverb Clause of result  introducer:
*      So that

*      I am working hard so that I can prosper in life.
*      He is practicing more and more so that he wins the game.
*      Speak louder so that we can listen.
Adverb Clause of condition
*      Here adverb clause set a condition for the verb of the main clause to happen.
Adverb clause of condition introducer:
If
Unless
Provided/ provided that

Adverb clause of condition
Step 1: Probable condition
Here adverb clause sets condition on the basis of probability

Example of adverb clause of condition: Step 1, probable condition
Structure: If + Present simple+ future
*      If you rise early in the morning, you will be healthy, wealthy and wise.
*      If you behave well, everybody will like you.
*      Unless you control your bad habit, you will fall in problem.
Adverb clause: Step- 2
Improbable condition ( Present)
Adverb clause of condition is based
             on improbable condition.
Adverb clause: Step- 2
*      Structure: If + Past simple+ future in the past
*      Example:
*      If I went there, I could meet my friend.

*      If you bought the latest model, you would
enjoy more facilities.

*      If we asked him, he would give us more
information.

*      If I found the kea, I could enter the room.

Adverb clause: Step- 3
(Improbable past)
*      Structure: If + Past perfect + would have/ could have/ might have

*      Example:

*      If you had monitored his activities, he would have performed better.

*      If I had not installed the latest version, I would not have got so many facilities.

*      If it had rained yesterday, we could not have played the game.

*      If he had known my address, he would have written letter to me.


Although clause
*      Example:
*      Although you control your diet, you cannot reduce your weight.
*      The boys are not doing well although they have been given all facilities.
*      Though they helped him in the time of crisis, he does not admit it.
Noun clause
*      Noun clause serves as subject, object, complement, object of the preposition of the sentence.
Noun clause introducer
*      What
*      Who
*      When
*      Where
*      When
*      How
*      If
*      That

Noun clause as subject
*      What he did was to help the poor person.
*      How he survived seven days without food and water surprised all.
*      When he will come is not certain.
*      Who has broken the chair is known to me.

Noun clause as object
*      I know that he is a good singer.
*      They thought that he would come to the meeting in time.
*      He saw where they kept the bag.
*      I understand what he says.
*      We have written what we were told.